SPANISH MASTIFF STANDARD
Espanol (Spanish Mastiff).
Mastiff, Extremadura Mastiff, La Mancha Mastiff.
On the whole Spain, especially in mountains and
passes, Asturias, Leon and Cantabria,
and generally in all those mountain
and regions affected by seasonal live stock
Exceptions to this distribution are zones
Aragon Pyranees and Navarra, and migratory zones
of the Monegros, localities of the Pyrenean
Molozoide, Type " B ".
GENERAL APPEARANCE AND CHARACTER.
General Description: Dog of great size, massive and well-proportioned.
powerful and well muscled. Compact skeleton.
large head and body with medium lous.
gentle and noble, is a dog with great
when confronted with enemies,especially
defending and guarding property and livestock.
bark es hoarse, deep and low, with great
audible at considerable distance. This is
a very intelligent dog with its own particular
His expression manifests both qualities. His
demonstrates that he is a dog sure of
himself, who proportions his strength as he realizes
Height at the withers:
no maximun height allowance, although
is given to dogs of greater height as
as their proportions are harmonious.
Males: 77 cm. (31")
72 cm. (29")
greater height is desirable, with males
measuring over 80 cm. (32") and females
75 cm. (30").
Longitudinal diameter superior to height at the
Functional harmony and good proportions are
desired, both at rest and in movement.
is a breed for livestock guarding and
Excessively timid, cowardly or unbalanced
should not be used for reproduction. The breed
is intimately related to seasonal migration,
especially of sheep, which it has accompanied since
middleages, defending from wolves and other
throughout all seasons and migrations in
locations. Today, the Spanish Mastiff
innumerable flocks, both stationary and
fulfilling his ancestral function. The
also guards properties, farms and persons.
strong and wide base. Relationship between
length of skull and foreface should be 6/4. The
skull-foreface, seen from above, should be
and uniform, without marked lessening between
the base of the foreface and temporal bone, at side
of the skull. Skull: facial lines moderately
strong, with subconvex profile. Width of the
be the same as or superior to its length.
c) Stop: Not too accented.
d) Foreface: Straight in profile. Seen from the back it appears
moderately rectangular, slightly narrowing towards
the nose, conserving considerable width, never
e) Nose: Black, damp, large and wide.
f) Lips: Upper lip should amply cover lower lip; with loose
membranes. Lip juncture very loose, black
strong, and healthy. Canines large, sharp
good grip. Molars strong and potent. Incisors
rather small. Scissor bite. All premolars desirable.
in relationship to the skull, almond shaped,
dark, hazel colour, attentive expression,
soft and intelligent, with severe expression
an unknown person.
k) Eyelids: Heavy skin, black pigment. The lower eyelid allows
of the conjuctive to be seen.
Medium drop ears, triangular in form, flat, placed
above the line of the eyes. At rest, falling flat
the cheecks, not too close to the skull. At
separated from the face with upper third
erect. They should not be cropped.
Palate: Black, with marked crests.
shaped, wide, strong, muscular, flexible. Skin
and loose. Well-developed double dewlap.
strong and robust, very powerfull, but
muscular. Ribs well spaced and rounded,
flat. Relationship height at the withers -
thorax perimeter to be approximately 1/3.
long, wide and powerful, Narrowing at the
and strong. Approximately 50* slope in relation
the topline and a horizontal line to the floor.
at the croup equal to height al the withers.
horizontal, even in movement.
deep, muscular and powerful. Marked brisket.
Abdomen and flanks:
tuck up, low, wide flanks.
wide base, medium tailset. Strong, flexible and
coated, hair longer that on the rest of the
At rest it is carried low reaching to the
sometimes slightly curved in the last
When excited or running, raised saberlike,
at the end, but never totally doubled or
straight down to the pasterns. Straight
and parallel from the front. Length of the forearm
be triple that of the pastern. Strong in bone
very muscular. Shoulder blade longer than
c) Scapula humerus angle:
Close to 125*
from the side, very slight inclination. It is
the continuation of the forearm. Strong
Feet: Tight by feet. Digits strong, high and well arched.
and pads robust and hard. Moderate
interdigital membrane, with hair.
muscular, moderate angulation. Ample
angles, legs and feet neither in nor out.
hocks. Legs should be capable of drive with
force and elegance.
Strong and muscular.
Femur angle close to 100*.
muscular and strong bone.
Angle: femur - tibia:
parallel with clear view of the tendon.
g) Hock angle:
Open. Close to l30*.
feet, slightly oval. May or may not have
dewclaws, which can be single or double. Removal of
dewclaws is admitted.
gait is the trot. It must be harmonious,
with no tendency to lateral movement.
thick, abundant and of a rosy colour, with
darker pigmentations. All mucous membranes must be
heavy, semilong, smooth,over all the body to the interdigital
spaces. Two types of coat over the back and undercoat over ribs
and flanks. Shorter on the legs and longer and silkier on the
colours admitted. Uniform coat colour is preferred; yellows,
fawns, reds and blacks, wolf colour. Also combined colours:
brindles, white mark on chest, and dappled.
Profile of foreface sheeplike, without excess.
Lack of one or few premolars.
* Level bite.
Topline weak, distorted or waving in movement.
Weak pasterns or fett.
Timidity, not excessively accentuated.
the rating of "Excellent")
Moderately overshot mouth.
Absence of several premolars or canines, unless due to accident.
* Height at the croup noticibly superior to height at the withers.
Legs weak or not straight.
Cowhocks in movement or stationary.
Coat wavy, curled and overly long.
Ear cropping or tail docking.
Entropion or ectropion in excess.
Poor temperament. Excessive timidity or exaggerated agressiveness.
Fragile or lymphatic.
Tail carried over back.
for confirmation of purebred
Any grade of undershot mouth
Nose and mucous membranes dispigmented and
by light eyes.
Monorchidism and cryptorchidism.